Balance of power- Condition of roughly equal strength between opposing countries or alliances of countries.
Boundary- Invisible line that marks the extent of a state’s territory.
City-state- A sovereign state comprising a city and its immediate hinderland.
Colonialism- Attempt by one country to establish settlements and to impose its political, economic, and cultural principles in another territory.
Colony- A territory that is legally tied to a sovereign state rather than completely independent.
Compact state- A state in which the distance from the center to any boundary does not vary significantly.
Federal state- An internal organization of a state that allocates most powers to units of local government.
Enlongated state- A state with a long, narrow shape.
Fragmented state- a state that includes several discontinuous pieces of territory.
Frontier- A zone separating two states in which neither state exercises political control.
Gerrymandering- The process of redrawing legislative boundaries for the purpose of benefiting the party in power.
Imperialism- Control of territory already occupied and organize by an indigenous society.
Landlocked state- A state that does not have a direct output to the sea.
Microstate- A state that encompasses a very small land area.
Perforated state- A state that completely surrounds another one.
Prorupted state- An otherwise compact state with a large projecting extension.
Sovereignty- Ability of a state to govern its territory free from control of its internal affair by other states.
State- An area organized into a political unit and ruled by an established government with control over its internal and foreign
Unitary state- An internal organization of a state that places most power in the hands of central government officials.